Extra Pounds Can Cost Workers Big Bucks

Nov. 17, 2004 — Being corpulent can influence more than your health, it can influence your vocation, too.

Misty Watts had worked as a server for the Ruby Tuesday restaurant chain for two and a half years final Admirable when she says she was terminated out of the blue for being overweight. Fair three days earlier the widow, part-time college student, and mother of three was named « Representative of the Month » at the eatery, but on the day she was ended a going to area supervisor told her she didn’t fit the company’s picture.

« I inquired him, ‘Are you firing me because I’m fat?' » the 240-pound, 5-feet, 5-inch tall Hickory, North Carolina woman tells WebMD. « And he said, ‘Let’s fair say it’s since your shirt doesn’t fit and it never will.’ When my store director asked if they seem keep me and not enlist anyone else with this image the response was, ‘No, we have an image to maintain and we got to start now.' »

The Pound Punishment

Weight discrimination in the workplace is common, but the financial cost for individual specialists of being corpulent is not well understood. In a recently published think about, fund teachers from Center Tennessee State College sought to evaluate this fetched using analytical strategies that controlled for other variables that have been shown to influence pay.

The issue is of growing significance, as increasingly Americans discover themselves heavy sufficient to be considered stout. About one in three grown-ups in the U.S. meet the standard, meaning they have a body mass file of 30 or more. There are now more hefty adults in this nation than cigarette smokers or sedate clients.

The MTSU researchers found that the economic taken a toll of obesity, or the « pound punishment, » as they called it, was much more noteworthy for women than for men. But both genders experienced a persistent obesity-related wage penalty over the primary two decades of their careers.

After controlling for other variables affecting income, obesity was found to lower a man’s yearly earnings by as much as 2.3% and a woman’s by as much as 6.2%. The normal reduction for women was around 4.5%, consider researcher Charles L. Baum, PhD, tells WebMD. The discoveries were reported in the September issue of the journal Health Economics.

« Four and a half percent may not sound like a parcel, but over the course of a career it can really include up, » Baum says. « On the off chance that you earn $50,000 on an annual premise, that is $2,250. On the off chance that you increase that over a 40-year career, that’s almost $100,000. »

The researchers attempted to distinguish other clarifications for why overweight laborers make less. In their investigation the discrepancy seem not be clarified by lower productivity or customer segregation. But there was a few prove that stout employees were less likely to seek preparing to encourage their careers.

The discoveries echo those of an analysis combining 29 considers of employment segregation compiled by Western Michigan College management teacher Mark Roehling, PhD.

Roehling tells WebMD that weight shows up to be more reliably related with economic segregation than any other figure, including race, sexual orientation, and age.

« The evidence suggests that weight contains a stronger and more consistently negative impact on earnings than anything else, » he says. « And the impact was consistently more prominent for ladies than for men. »

Moving On

Whereas Misty Watts’ case seems particularly appalling, Ruby Tuesday continues to demand in press releases that she was not let go for being fat. But company spokesmen have not indicated another reason and the 28-year-old mom says she was advertised her job back after she told her story on ABC’s Great Morning America in October.

She declined and now works at Shell’s Bar-B-Q in Hickory, N.C.

« [Ruby Tuesday] keeps saying that my weight was not the reason, but you do not fire somebody for cause three days after they are named « Worker of the Month, » she says. « They say they can’t say why for employee privacy reasons, but I went on national tv and told them to tell the world why. They also said they would publicly apologize, but they didn’t. »

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Cholesterol Drugs May Avert Cataracts

June 20, 2006 — Cholesterol-lowering statin drugs — particularly Zocor — appear to lower the hazard of the most common kind of age-related cataract.

Cataracts Cataracts — clouding of the lens of the eye — become more common as people age. There’s a few evidence that cataracts are less common in individuals who get more cancer prevention agents in their eat less. Statins — the cholesterol-lowering drugs that include Crestor, Lipitor, Lescol, Mevacor, Pravachol, and Zocor — have antioxidant properties.

Might they protect against cataracts? Barbara E.K. Klein, MD, MPH, and colleagues at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, looked at data collected within the Beaver Dam Eye Study, which is following some 6,000 Wisconsin residents over time.

Among a few 1,300 consider members examined in 1998-2000 (at an average age of 63) and again in 2003-2005, 210 developed nuclear cataracts. This kind of cataract, in the center of the eye focal point, is the most common kind of age-related cataract.

Sure sufficient, Klein’s team found that people taking statins had a 60% lower chance of getting cataracts than those who did not take the drugs. They report their discoveries in the June 21 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association.

Much of this may have been due to one sedate in specific — Zocor. Zocor and Lipitor were the most commonly used statins among think about participants. Those who took Zocor had a 72% lower risk of nuclear cataracts. Those who took Lipitor had a 27% lower chance. Those who took Pravachol, Lescol, and Mevacor had a combined 33% lower hazard.

Hazard for other kinds of age-related cataracts did not go down with the use of statin drugs.

The analysts will continue to follow consider participants to see on the off chance that these discoveries hold up over time.

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Medicare Prescription Issue Gets Lots of Airtime During Debate

Oct. 4, 2000 (Washington) — The national highlight continues to pillar down on the require for a medicate benefit for seniors, as the Medicare medicine coverage issue was all over Tuesday’s opening presidential wrangle about.

Measured by sound bytes, drug coverage was certainly the lead wellbeing issue between the two candidates. It netted more broadcast appointment amid the 90-minute debate than the controversy over the fetus removal medicate RU-486, which the FDA endorsed last week; and the « patients’ charge of rights, » which Democrat Al Gut said fair once in passing.

Gut and GOP candidate George W. Bush not only competed repeatedly over their respective Medicare medicate proposition, but emphasized the issue’s importance in their closing statements. Both candidates agreed that they wanted to create drug coverage available for America’s seniors. A third of Medicare beneficiaries – 12 million individuals – have no sedate coverage at all.

« There’s fair a colossal require among a politically and demographically significant group of voters, » says Lee Goldberg, an official with the National Committee to Protect Social Security and Medicare.

But with two-thirds of recipients having at least a few coverage, how has the medicine issue made it to the very beat of the domestic-policy plan, at slightest in the decision fight?

Marty Corry, chief of federal issues for the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP), tells WebMD that he can’t recall any presidential wrangle about in which Medicare and Social Security proposition played such a noticeable part. He notes that indeed with the nation’s vibrant economy, « there’s still a address almost long run. Individuals are thinking around what their economic security is reaching to be. »

Sedate costs are rising quickly, even as blockbuster — and costly — unused therapies continue to hit the showcase. At the same time, HMOs are pulling out of the Medicare program in phenomenal numbers. That will take off almost a million seniors without an HMO next January, leaving numerous without drug scope.

« Prescription drug coverage is greatly vital to individuals over 50 — it directly touches them, » Robert Blendon, teacher of wellbeing policy at the Harvard School of Open Health, tells WebMD. For these older voters, he says, a candidate’s accentuation on drugs may be a. kind of « litmus test » of his general concern for the Medicare and Social Security programs.

Additionally, Blendon says, sedate coverage may be a significant deciding factor for voters in « swing » states, including Florida, Unused Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. These states have sizable more seasoned populations, and these individuals are more likely to turn out to vote. Agreeing to Blendon, more youthful voters have less of an intrigued in the coverage issue.

But Goldberg tells WebMD that the issue reverberates with more youthful voters as well. He mentions those voters with parents who may be financially dependent on them, particularly the « sandwich generation » who are raising children and have subordinate guardians.

In spite of all the time given to the issue, last night’s debate did small to supply viewers with a clear sense of what the candidates’ respective medicate plans are all approximately. « When they got into the fine print, I couldn’t tell who was right, » Brookings Institution political researcher Stephen Hess, PhD, tells WebMD. From tuning in to the debate, Goldberg says, « you would think they have the same plans. »

During the debate, Gore attacked Bush’s proposition for at first clearing out out most seniors, while Bush charged that Gore was using « Mediscare » strategies and playing legislative issues with the issue. But most of the candidates’ charges and countercharges came over to viewers as « word serving of mixed greens, » Blendon says.

Corry of the AARP notes that the candidates’ medicate plans, especially Bush’s, are not fully fleshed out besides. « There isn’t a entire lot to be said in terms of the subtle elements of the proposition, » he says.

Some time recently the talks about, the candidates did lay out the frameworks of their sedate plans, which uncover a wide philosophical difference. Bush’s would assign establishing medicate coverage programs for seniors to the states, and scope would be run by private safeguards who may offer distinctive benefits and cost-sharing rules. By differentiate, the Gore arrange would be established as a modern broadly managed Medicare advantage, with set benefits and cost-sharing sums. Gore’s plan is almost $100 billion more expensive than the Bush proposal over the next 10 years.

« What’s imperative is that both candidates need a medicate benefit in Medicare, » Corry tells WebMD. « For there to be understanding on that is gigantic progress. »


Epilepsy: Another Potential Zika Threat to Babies

MONDAY, April 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Past its known links to birth defects and other issues, the Zika infection may too trigger cases of epilepsy in infants, warn specialists from the U.S. Centers for Malady Control and Anticipation.

Among 48 babies from Brazil with likely intrinsic Zika infection, « 50 percent supposedly had clinical seizures, » said Dr. Daniel Pastula, Dr. Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp and Rosemarie Kobau.

All three have studied Zika at the CDC, and co-wrote an paper on the Zika-epilepsy connection, published online April 17 in JAMA Neurology.

The Zika virus is transmitted via mosquito bites, and its most destroying effects occur when pregnant ladies are contaminated. In those cases, Zika can trigger severe neurological birth absconds such as microcephaly, where infants are born with immature skulls and brains. Thousands of such cases have occurred in South America, most strikingly in Brazil.

And other pediatric abandons and sicknesses connected to Zika are emerging.

According to the CDC team, besides the gather of 48 babies cited over, seven of another bunch of 13 Zika-exposed babies in Brazil were too analyzed as having epilepsy.

The finding isn’t overly astounding since the types of brain anomalies seen in Zika-affected newborns have been linked to seizures and epilepsy within the past, the team noted.

In a prior consider, babies uncovered to another common virus, called cytomegalovirus, had higher rates of epilepsy as well — and showed brain anomalies that were similar to those associated with Zika.

All of this points to « the ought to examine how and to what extent intrinsic Zika infection infection and resulting brain anomalies are associated with seizures and/or epilepsy, » the CDC authors composed.

Early conclusion of influenced babies is significant, the researchers included, and may reduce « a few antagonistic results associated with formative delay. »

Right now, guardians and health care experts may not be aware of the Zika-epilepsy link, the CDC researchers said, so cases « may be misdiagnosed or under-reported. »

The analysts believe that increased awareness will be key to spotting cases of epilepsy linked to fetal exposure to Zika and making a difference babies.

In a statement, the CDC said that « way better recognition, conclusion, and reporting of seizures and epilepsy in infants and youthful children will help guide intercessions to create beyond any doubt families receive the proper bolster and treatment. »

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Cardiac Rehab Cuts Risks After Heart Attack

Aug. 31, 2004 — Participating in a cardiac recovery program may reduce the hazard of passing within the years following a heart attack by more than 50%, according to a new think about.

Researchers found up to a third of passings within three a long time after a heart assault were attributable to not participating in cardiac rehabilitation.

« On normal, for patients who taken part in cardiac rehab, it was almost as in case the heart attack never had happened, » says analyst Veronique Roger, MD, a cardiologist at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., in a news discharge. « They had the same three-year survival as what would be expected from range residents of the same age and sex who had not suffered heart assaults. »

But the think about also found that women were 55% less likely to take an interest in cardiac rehab programs and should be empowered to do so.

Cardiac rehabilitation consists of a restoratively supervised exercise program planned to help individuals regain strength and make strides heart health after a heart attack or heart surgery.

Who Partakes in Cardiac Rehab?

In the ponder, researchers followed 1,821 individuals from Minnesota who had heart attacks between 1982 and 1998 and were discharged from the healing center. The comes about appear within the Sept. 1 issue of the Diary of the American College of Cardiology.

Generally, 55% of the heart attack survivors taken an interest in cardiac rehab taking after their attack. But support rates were much higher among men than ladies, 67% vs. 38%.

Support were too declined with expanding age, with 81% of heart assault survivors beneath 60 taking an interest vs. 32% of those over 70.

Other factors that expanded the probability of partaking in cardiac rehab included:

Smoking Tall cholesterol levels More noteworthy body mass index (BMI, a degree of weight in connection to height utilized to degree corpulence) Family history of heart disease Cardiologist was the essential care supplier

« Our study was not planned to answer precisely why a few bunches are less likely to participate, but a few key issues for ladies may be a need of transportation and support systems, » says Roger. « They may not see rehab as imperative, or they may got to care for a life partner who may also be ill. »

Cardiac Rehab May Eradicate Effects of Heart Attack

The think about too showed that support in cardiac rehab was emphatically related with moved forward survival within the years following a heart assault.

For illustration, cardiac rehab participants had a 95% survival rate after three years compared with a survival rate of 64% among non-participants.

In truth, researchers say there was no difference between the survival rates of cardiac rehab participants and the expected survival rate of the Minnesota inhabitants who had not had a heart assault.

The study also showed that interest in cardiac rehab decreased the hazard of a repeat heart attack by 28%.

« Ideally this study will energize physicians to deliver all of their patients, but especially women, that additional nudge to take part in rehab. And for patients, hopefully it will energize them to take after their doctor’s exhortation, » says Roger.